• Illyria is turned into a province after a revolt has been defeated.
  • The Rhine River is established as the boundary between the Latin and German-speaking worlds, following the defeat of the Roman army, under the command of Varus, at the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.
  • Legio II Augusta, XX Valeria Victrix, and XIII Gemina move to Germany to replace Legio XIX and the others destroyed at Teutoburg.
  • The Catuvellauni attack the Trinovantes and capture Camulodunum.
  • Ovid is banished to Tomis.
  • Pannonia (modern-day Hungary) submits to Roman rule.
  • In order to increase the number of marriages, and ultimately the population, the lex Papia Poppaea is adopted in Rome. This law prohibits celibacy and childless relationships.
  • Roman finances become strained following the Danubian insurrection, and Varus' defeat in Germany. This results in the levying of two new taxes: five percent of inheritances, and one percent on sales.



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