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List of Roman emperors

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StatueAugustus
Statue of the Emperor Augustus, founder of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
NhprmanAdded by Nhprman

PrincipateEdit

Julio-Claudian dynastyEdit

Reign Incumbent Notes
16 January 27 BC to 19 August AD 14 Augustus
19 August 14 to 16 March 37 Tiberius
18 March 37 to 24 January 41 Gaius Caligula Assassinated
24 January 41 to 13 October 54 Claudius Assassinated by poisoning
October 54 to 11 June 68 Nero Commited Suicide

Year of the Four EmperorsEdit

Reign Incumbent Notes
8 June 68 to 15 January 69 Galba Murdered by Otho
15 January 69 to 16 April 69 Otho Commited Suicide
2 January 69 to 20 December 69 Vitellius Murdered in the Forum

Flavian DynastyEdit

Reign Incumbent Notes
1 July 69 to 24 June 79 Vespasian 70: Pontifex Maximus Pater Patriae
co-emperor;
see: Year of the four emperors
24 June 79 to 13 September 81 Titus
14 September 81 to 18 September 96 Domitian Assassinated

Nervo-Trajanic DynastyEdit

Reign Incumbent Notes
18 September 96 to 27 January 98 Nerva  
28 January 98 to 7 August 117 Trajan
11 August 117 to 10 July 138 Hadrian

AntoninesEdit

Reign Incumbent Notes
10 July 138 to 7 March 161 Antoninus Pius
7 March 161 to 17 March 180 Marcus Aurelius
7 March 161 to March 169 Lucius Verus Co-emperor with Marcus Aurelius
175 to 175 Avidius Cassius Usurper; proclaimed emperor: ruled in Egypt and Syria; murdered by a centurion
177 to 31 December 192 Commodus Murdered: strangled by a wrestler

Severan DynastyEdit

Reign Incumbent Notes
1 January 193 to 28 March 193 Pertinax recognized as emperor by Septimius Severus; murdered by soldiers on the Palatine
28 March 193 to 1 June 193 Didius Julianus Sentenced to death by the Senate; murdered on the Palatine
9 April 193 to 4 February 211 Septimius Severus
193 to 194/195 Pescennius Niger Claimant: emperor in Syria
193/195 to 197 Clodius Albinus Claimant: emperor in Britain
198 to 8 April 217 Caracalla
209 to 4 February 211 Geta Murdered by Caracalla
11 April 217 to June 218 Macrinus Executed
May 217 to June 218 Diadumenian Executed
June 218 to 222 Elagabalus Assassinated
13 March 222 to March 235 Alexander Severus Pontifex Maximus
Assassinated

Rulers during the Crisis of the Third CenturyEdit

Reign Incumbent Notes
February/March 235 to March/April 238 Maximinus Thrax Murdered by troops
earlyJanuary/March 238 to lateJanuary/April 238 Gordian I Committed suicide
earlyJanuary March 238 to lateJanuary/April 238 Gordian II Killed in battle
earlyFebruary 238 to earlyMay 238 Pupienus Murdered by the Praetorians
earlyFebruary 238 to earlyMay 238 Balbinus Murdered by the Praetorians
May 238 to February 244 Gordian III Murdered
240 to 240 Sabinianus Proclaimed himself emperor; defeated in battle
February 244 to September/October 249 Philip the Arabian Killed in battle by Decius
248 to 248 Pacatianus Proclaimed himself emperor; murdered by his own soldiers
248 to 248 Jotapian Claimant
248 to 248 Silbannacus Usurper
249 to June 251 Decius Killed in battle
249 to 252 Priscus Proclaimed himself emperor in the Eastern provinces
250 to 250 Licinianus Claimant
early251 to 1 July 251 Herennius Etruscus Killed in battle
251 Hostilian Died of the plague
June 251 to August 253 Gallus Murdered by his own soldiers
July 251 to August 253 Volusianus Murdered by his own soldiers
August 253 to October 253 Aemilian Murdered by his own soldiers
253 to June 260 Valerian I Co-emperor with Gallienus; captured by Persians: died in captivity
253 to September 268 Gallienus Co-emperor with Valerian 253 to 260; murdered
260 Saloninus Co-emperor with Gallienus; murdered
258 or June 260 Ingenuus Proclaimed himself emperor
260 Regalianus Proclaimed emperor
260 to 261 Macrianus Major Proclaimed emperor; defeated and killed in battle
260 to 261 Macrianus Minor Proclaimed emperor; defeated and killed in battle
260 to 261 Quietus Claimant
261 to 261 or 262 Mussius Aemilianus Proclaimed emperor
268 to 268 Aureolus Proclaimed himself emperor; surrendered to Claudius II Gothicus

Gallic Empire 260 to 274Edit

Reign Incumbent Notes
260 to 268 Postumus
269 to 269 Laelianus Proclaimed himself emperor of the Gallic Empire
269 to 269 Marius
269 to 271 Victorinus
270 to 271 Domitianus Proclaimed himself emperor of the Gallic Empire
271 to 274 Tetricus I

Illyrian EmperorsEdit

Reign Incumbent Notes
268 to August 270 Claudius II Gothicus Died of plague
August 270 to September 270 Quintillus Co-emperor with Aurelian; committed suicide
August 270 to 275 Aurelian Co-emperor with Quintillus; murdered by the Praetorian Guard
271 to 271 Septimius Proclaimed emperor in Dalmatia; killed by his own soldiers
November/December 275 to July 276 Tacitus Murdered
July 276 to September 276 Florianus Murdered
July 276 to lateSeptember 282 Probus Murdered by his own soldiers
280 Saturninus Claimant: forced by his soldiers; proclaimed himself emperor; killed by his soldiers
280 Proculus Claimant: acceding to the request of the people of Lugdunum; killed by Probus
280 Bonosus Proclaimed himself emperor; defeated by Probus and committed suicide
September 282 to July/August 283 Carus
spring 283 to summer 285 Carinus Co-emperor with Numerian; Murdered
July/August 283 to November 284 Numerian Co-emperor with Carinus

Britannic Empire 286 to 297Edit

Reign Incumbent Notes
286 to 293 Carausius
293 to 297 Allectus

DominateEdit

Tetrarchy and Constantinian DynastyEdit

Reign Incumbent Notes
20 November 284 to 1 May 305 Diocletian Co-emperor with Maximian; Abdicated
1 April 286 to 1 May 305 Maximian Co-emperor with Diocletian; forced to abdicate
1 May 305 to 25 July 306 Constantius I Chlorus Co-emperor with Galerius
1 May 305 to May 311 Galerius Co-emperor with Constantius I Chlorus and then Severus II
August 306 to 16 September 307 Severus II Co-emperor with Galerius
307 to 308 Maximian Abdicated
28 October 306 to 28 October 312 Maxentius Drowned on order of Constantine I The Great
de jure: 307, de facto 312 to 22 May 337 Constantine I The Great
308 Domitius Alexander Proclaimed himself emperor
11 November 308 to 18 September 324 Licinius Co-emperor; abdicated; (executed early 325)
1 May 310 to July/August 313 Maximinus Daia Co-emperor; committed suicide
December 316 to 1 March 317 Valerius Valens Co-emperor with Licinius; (executed by Constantine I The Great)
July to 18 September 324 Martinianus Co-emperor with Licinius; abdicated; (executed early 325)
337 to 340 Constantine II Co-emperor; killed in battle
337 to 361 Constantius II Co-emperor
337 to 350 Constans I Co-emperor; killed by Magnentius
January 350 to 11 August 353 Magnentius Usurper; committed suicide
c.350 Vetranio Proclaimed himself emperor against Magnentius; recognized by Constantius II, abdicated
c.350 Nepotianus Proclaimed himself emperor against Magnentius, executed
November 361 to June 363 Julian the Apostate Killed in battle
363 to 17 February 364 Jovian Died accidentally

Valentinian DynastyEdit

Reign Incumbent Notes
26 February 364 to 17 November 375 Valentinian I Emperor in the west
28 March 365 to 9 August 378 Valens Emperor in the east
September 365 to 27 May 366 Procopius Usurper; executed by Valens
24 August 367 to 383 Gratian Assassinated
375 to 392 Valentinian II Deposed; died in suspicious circumstances
383 to 388 Magnus Maximus Rival in the west; once recognized by Theodosius I, then deposed and executed
c.386 to 388 Flavius Victor Son of Magnus Maximus, murdered on order of Theodosius I
392 to 394 Eugenius Usurper in the west; killed in battle

Theodosian DynastyEdit

Reign Incumbent Notes
388 to 17 January 395 Theodosius I the Great Co-emperor; emperor in the east from 379
383 to January 395 Arcadius Becoming Byzantine Emperor January 395
23 January 393 to 395 Honorius Becoming emperor in the west

Western EmpireEdit

Reign Incumbent Notes
395 to 15 August 423 Honorius Co-emperor with Constantius III (421)
407 to 411 Constantine III Claimant
409 to 411 Constans II Claimant, co-ruler with Constantine III
409 to 410 Priscus Attalus Claimant
409 to 411 Maximus Claimant in Spain
411 to 413 Jovinus Claimant
412 to 413 Sebastianus Claimant, co-ruler with Jovinus
414 to 415 Priscus Attalus Claimant
421 to 421 Constantius III Co-emperor with Honorius
423 to 425 Joannes Claimant
425 to 16 March 455 Valentinian III
17 March 455 to 31 May 455 Petronius Maximus
June 455 to 17 October 456 Avitus
457 to 2 August 461 Majorian Abdicated & murdered
461 to 465 Libius Severus
12 April 467 to 11 July 472 Anthemius Executed
July 472 to 2 November 472 Olybrius
5 March 473 to June 474 Glycerius Abdicated
June 474 to 25 April 480 Julius Nepos Emperor in the West until 475, deposed by Orestes; fled; From 476 recognised by Odoacer; murdered 480
31 October 475 to 4 September 476 Romulus Augustus
(Romulus Augustulus)
Deposed by Odoacer; fate unknown

Template:Further

Eastern Roman EmpireEdit

Reign Incumbent Notes
395 to 408 Arcadius
408 to 450 Theodosius II
450 to 457 Marcian
457 to 474 Leo I
474 to 474 Leo II
474 to 491 Zeno
475 to 476 Basiliscus

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